How Does The Domes In Italian Architecture Relate To Math Rebirth of Classical Antiquity – The Renaissance

You are searching about How Does The Domes In Italian Architecture Relate To Math, today we will share with you article about How Does The Domes In Italian Architecture Relate To Math was compiled and edited by our team from many sources on the internet. Hope this article on the topic How Does The Domes In Italian Architecture Relate To Math is useful to you.

Rebirth of Classical Antiquity – The Renaissance

The Renaissance was a period of great social change in European history from the 14th to the 17th century that marked the transition from the Middle Ages to the modern era.

The word “Renaissance” is a French word meaning “rebirth” symbolizing the revival of classical antiquity.

The Renaissance embraced ancient Greek and Roman thought, styles, and themes while turning to greater learning through modern techniques.

With the advent of the printing press, knowledge was now available to people outside the clergy, aristocrats, and royalty.

The Renaissance first appeared in Italy in the late 13th century with the writings of Dante and the paintings of Giotto.

The increased interaction between different cultures, the rediscovery of ancient Greek and Roman texts, the emergence of humanism, and various artistic and technological innovations contributed to the emergence of the Renaissance.

Classical Greek Antiquity

Classical Antiquity is the period of cultural history between the 8th century BC and the 6th century AD when ancient Greece and then ancient Rome dominated the Mediterranean and the Middle East.

Democracy, philosophy, astronomy, literature, sculpture, theater, medicine, mathematics and the Olympic Games had their Western birth in ancient Greece.

Greek culture influenced Roman culture. Most educated Romans were bilingual in Greek and Latin because Greek was the international language from the Hellenistic period that began in 323 BC to the Byzantine period that ended in 1453-AD.

In the last century BC, many rich young Romans went to study in Athens or the island of Rhodes such as Cicero, Mark Antony and Julius Caesar.

Temples, government buildings and houses represented the Greek architectural style. The three main column design styles used in the temples of classical Greece were Doric, Ionic and Corinthian.

The Byzantine Empire

The Greek city of Byzantium in Asia Minor (modern Turkey) was to become famous as Constantinople and the capital of the Byzantine Empire.

It was from Constantinople that Greek literature and culture reached Western Europe which contributed to the arrival of the Renaissance.

When the Byzantine Empire was destroyed by the Ottoman Turks in 1453, many Byzantine Greek scholars fled to Western Europe, taking with them their cultural heritage and many original Greek manuscripts.

Italian City-States

At the beginning of the Renaissance, Italy was divided into several powerful city-states that were ruled by one great city.

One of the main city-states was Florence, which was a republic, like ancient Rome.

The Italian language developed in the early 14th century through the works of the Tuscan writer, Dante Alighieri, who helped elevate the Tuscan dialect to Italy’s national literary language.

When Italy was united in 1861, Tuscan became the country’s official language.

Florence, Italy

The Renaissance began between the years 1350 and 1400 in Florence, Italy, through its writers, painters, architects and philosophers.

He then transformed Florence, the other Italian city-states such as Venice, Milan, Bologna, Ferrara and Rome.

Then, during the 15th century, Renaissance ideas spread from Italy to France and across western and northern Europe.

15th century Florence had a strong economy with political power in the hands of wealthy merchants.

The largest and most respected bank in Europe was the Medici bank, established by Giovanni Medici in 1397.

The powerful Medici family ruled Florence for over 60 years and helped artists financially by buying their paintings and sculptures.

Dante

Dante Alighieri (1265-1321) was the main poet of the Late Middle Ages and the early Renaissance.

His use of Italian instead of Latin in The Divine Comedy is considered to indicate the rise of Renaissance humanism.

Giotto

Giotto di Bondone, the “Father of the Renaissance”, was born in Tuscany around 1266 (his exact date and place of birth are unknown).

He was one of the most important masters of Italian painting in the 14th century who introduced the realism technique that became the new artistic style of the High Renaissance.

Giotto’s most recognized masterpiece is the biblical scenes that adorn the Scrovegni chapel in Padua.

His depictions of human figures would be emulated by other artists.

Petrarch

The Italian poet Francesco Petrarca (Petrarca 1304 – 1374) (Petrarca) born in Arezzo, Tuscany, is the “Father of Humanism”.

He has been called the first modern man whose writings were also used to shape the modern Italian language.

Petrarch had a passionate interest in rediscovering lost manuscripts from ancient Greece and Rome and had Greek works translated into Latin.

His lyrical poetry from his Canzoniere is considered one of the greatest love poets in world literature, which includes the well-known odes to Laura.

Renaissance art

Renaissance art focused on human beauty and nature. It depicted people living life and showing emotions.

Light and shadow techniques made the paintings appear more three-dimensional and realistic.

*Early Renaissance

Masaccio (1404-28), an important Florentine painter, was the founder of early Italian Renaissance painting with his works in the mid-to-late 1420s.

His frescoes adorn the Brancacci chapel of the church of Santa Maria del Carmine in Florence.

Donatello and Alberti also developed Italian painting, sculpture and architecture, naturalistic styles and humanist theories.

*High Renaissance

From 1495 to 1520, art historians consider the high point of the Renaissance period.

This period was dominated by:

Leonardo da Vinci

Leonardo da Vinci (1452 – 1519) has become a global cultural icon and is considered one of the most talented people in history.

Among his great works, two of his most famous paintings are:

*The Mona Lisa

The model for Leonardo da Vinci’s masterpiece, the Mona Lisa, was a real person. The image of the Mona Lisa was Lisa del Giocondo (1479 – 1542), an Italian noblewoman and member of the Gherardini family of Florence and Tuscany. She married a wealthy Florentine silk merchant, Francesco del Giocondo, who commissioned the painting for her new home, and to celebrate the birth of their second child, Andrea.

*The last supper

The Last Supper is one of the most recognizable paintings in the Western world. It is a late 15th century wall painting found in the refectory of the convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie in Milan, Italy.

The painting depicts the scene of the last supper of Jesus with his apostles from the Gospel of John, 13:21 and depicts the feeling of anguish that occurred among the twelve apostles when Jesus announced that one of they would betray him.

Michael Angel

Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni (1475 – 1564) was an Italian sculptor, painter, architect and poet of the High Renaissance who was born in the Republic of Florence.

Michelangelo had a powerful influence on the development of Western art. His most famous works are the Pietà (sculpture, which is in St. Peter’s Basilica), his sculpture of David, and his painting of the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican Palace.

Various works of painting, sculpture and architecture by Michelangelo are among the most famous in existence.

*Sistine Chapel

Michelangelo painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel with spectacular scenes from the Bible between 1508 and 1512, under the patronage of Pope Julius II.

The masterpiece is considered one of the main artistic achievements of human civilization.

Raphael

Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino (1483 – 1520), known as Raphael, was an Italian painter and architect.

Together with Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci, he forms the trinity of the great masters of the High Renaissance.

His most famous paintings include, Madonna in the Meadow, School of Athens, Sistine Madonna, The Transfiguration and Portrait of Baldassare Castiglione.

*Late Renaissance

Mannerism, started by Parmigianino, an Italian artist, emerged in the last years of the Italian High Renaissance.

He describes the style of bronze paintings and sculpture as derived from its emphasis on contradicting all traditional laws of proportion.

Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola (1503 – 1540), also known as Parmigianino (“the little one from Parma”), was an Italian Mannerist painter and printmaker active in Florence, Rome, Bologna and his hometown of Parma.

His works include two large frescoes in a church in Parma and a palace in a nearby town, while some of his best portraits are in Naples at the National Museum and Gallery of Capodimonte, such as the Gian Galeazzo Sanvitale and the portrait of ‘a young woman. called Antea.

Renaissance architecture

Renaissance architecture reflected the “revival” of classical culture and replaced the medieval Gothic style.

The five classical columns used were the three Greek, Doric, Ionic and Corinthian and the Italian, Tuscan and Composite.

Three important figures in Renaissance architecture were Filippo Brunelleschi, Leon Battista Alberti and Andrea Palladio.

Filippo Brunelleschi (1377-1446), Italian architect, designer and sculptor is the founding father of Renaissance architecture. He is best known for designing the dome of the Duomo in Florence, an emblematic work of Renaissance architecture.

The dome of Florence Cathedral has become an enduring feature of Renaissance churches.

*Basilica of Saint Peter

St. Peter’s Basilica in the Vatican is the most famous work of Renaissance architecture and the largest church in the world.

The Basilica was designed by Donato Bramante, Michelangelo, Carlo Maderno and Gian Lorenzo Bernini.

End of the Renaissance

The demise of the Renaissance was the result of several factors.

In the late 15th century, numerous wars hit the Italian peninsula with Spanish, French and German invaders fighting over Italian territories causing disruption and instability.

The Baroque period followed the Renaissance from the early 17th century to the 1740s.

Video about How Does The Domes In Italian Architecture Relate To Math

You can see more content about How Does The Domes In Italian Architecture Relate To Math on our youtube channel: Click Here

Question about How Does The Domes In Italian Architecture Relate To Math

If you have any questions about How Does The Domes In Italian Architecture Relate To Math, please let us know, all your questions or suggestions will help us improve in the following articles!

The article How Does The Domes In Italian Architecture Relate To Math was compiled by me and my team from many sources. If you find the article How Does The Domes In Italian Architecture Relate To Math helpful to you, please support the team Like or Share!

Rate Articles How Does The Domes In Italian Architecture Relate To Math

Rate: 4-5 stars
Ratings: 5703
Views: 25438601

Search keywords How Does The Domes In Italian Architecture Relate To Math

How Does The Domes In Italian Architecture Relate To Math
way How Does The Domes In Italian Architecture Relate To Math
tutorial How Does The Domes In Italian Architecture Relate To Math
How Does The Domes In Italian Architecture Relate To Math free
#Rebirth #Classical #Antiquity #Renaissance

Source: https://ezinearticles.com/?Rebirth-of-Classical-Antiquity—The-Renaissance&id=10428979

Related Posts

How Many Questions Does The Math 3 Final Exam Have How to Cure Test Anxiety – 3 Habits You Must Break to Cure Exam Panic!

You are searching about How Many Questions Does The Math 3 Final Exam Have, today we will share with you article about How Many Questions Does The…

How Many School Allow Students Use Calculators In Math Class http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:https%3A%2F%2Fezinearticles.com%2F%3FReport-Card-Comments%26id%3D3524667

You are searching about How Many School Allow Students Use Calculators In Math Class, today we will share with you article about How Many School Allow Students…

How To Ask Students To Draw A Picture For Math Three Ways to Improve Learning Readiness Through Play

You are searching about How To Ask Students To Draw A Picture For Math, today we will share with you article about How To Ask Students To…

How Much You Charge For Taking An Online Math Class Making Money Online – The New Way to Get Rich Quick

You are searching about How Much You Charge For Taking An Online Math Class, today we will share with you article about How Much You Charge For…

How Many Hours Do You Get In A Crative Math Turning a Band Into Songwriters – 10 Songs In One Hour

You are searching about How Many Hours Do You Get In A Crative Math, today we will share with you article about How Many Hours Do You…

How To Get A Better Math Score On The Act 7 Trouble-Free Tips About How To Study For The ACT

You are searching about How To Get A Better Math Score On The Act, today we will share with you article about How To Get A Better…