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Dog Training – The Clever Hans Effect
In the late 1800s, a German high school math instructor named Wilhelm Von Osten began parading around his horse, “Clever Hans.”
You see, Clever Hans was no ordinary horse. Intelligent Hans could add, subtract, multiply, divide, work with fractions, tell time, keep track of the calendar, differentiate musical tones, read, spell and understand German.
Clever Hans would be asked a question and he would stamp his hoof on the ground until he found the correct answer.
People came from all over to see Clever Hans give the answers to some very difficult math questions. But some people were not impressed with Clever Hans. They thought it was all some kind of trick.
The German board of education agreed and appointed a commission to investigate Hans.
Did Hans really add, subtract, multiply, divide, work with fractions, tell time, keep track of the calendar, differentiate musical tones, and read, spell, and understand German?
The quick answer… NO.
Hans did not know how to do any of the things his master demanded. Hans was not a mathematician
What they learned was that Hans was an expert at reading body language.
The researchers discovered that when Hans was asked a question, he would tap his hoof until he found the correct answer. He knew the correct answer by looking at the clues given by the person asking the questions. The questioner’s posture and facial expressions changed in a manner consistent with increased tension, which was released when the horse made the “correct” final touch.
This provided a cue that Hans could use to know when to stop playing.
In other words, Clever Hans was an expert at reading body language and knew when to stop playing with the subtle cues given by the person asking Hans a question. Quite interesting. Smart Hans was really smart, but not in the way we thought.
Anyone who lives with a dog should know this because this has led to what is now called “The Clever Hans Effect”.
Social animals, such as horses and dogs, become experts at reading our body language. This is important to understand when living with a dog. Not long ago I was working with a very nice couple who were having problems with their dog.
They said their dog knew the sound of their car, would fidget before leaving the house, and could become very withdrawn when either of them got angry. I explained the Smart Hans effect and that many animals have been found to be sensitive to these signals from the humans they live with.
Their dog was so “tuned in” to them that he knew when they were getting ready to leave, they were happy,
upset and many other things which in turn affected his behavior. Today, the term “Clever Hans Effect” is used to describe the influence of an interrogator’s subtle and unintentional cues on his subjects, both human and animal.
For example, when drug-sniffing dogs are trained, none of the people present know which containers contain drugs; otherwise, their body language could betray the location and render the exercise pointless.
So why am I writing about Clever Hans?
Because your dog is an expert at reading your body language, many times some of the behavior problems you are experiencing are being reinforced through unintentional cues given by you.
JUMPING – How many of you reading this have a jumping problem with your dog? I would bet that a good number of your dogs are jumpers. how do i know
am i psychic
No, I just know that after 18+ years of working with dogs, jumping is at the top of the list when it comes to behavior problems and that the main reason it is a problem is because The Clever Hans Effect is working with all strength when it comes to jumping. It’s important to remember that training is more than a click, a choke, or a blow to the head.
Your dog is constantly watching you for some kind of signal that might indicate it’s time to go for a walk, eat dinner, or jump. If your dog does a behavior you don’t like, pay attention to your cues and see if you do anything to reinforce the behavior.
When it comes to training dogs, they are often blamed for bad behavior, but sometimes we need to be careful what we are inadvertently teaching our dogs.
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